15 Best Apps to Learn Spanish 2022

hispanic heritage month

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Spanish is one of the most commonly spoken languages in the world, with roughly 500 million people using the language globally. In the United States, 13% of the population speaks Spanish, making it the most common non-English language spoken by residents. And that percentage is only growing. Per Forbes, Spanish is expected to be spoken by one in three people in the U.S. by the year 2050.

There are so many benefits to picking up a new language. For kids, learning a second language can boost problem-solving, critical-thinking and listening skills, in addition to improving memory, concentration and the ability to multitask. Having a kid-friendly app is a great way to help them explore a dialect. For adults, fluency in Spanish in particular may increase your chances at landing certain jobs, not to mention expand your horizons into cultures different from your own.

Learning Spanish might seem like a daunting task, but there are ways to make it easier — in other words, there’s an app for that. Here, we round up the best apps to learn Spanish for both parents and kids. Nearly all the apps on here are free to download, but many require in-app purchases or monthly subscriptions to take full advantage of the offerings. However, there are a few that will give you a trial and/or limited features for free to try.

To dive even further into cultures that speak Spanish, check out Spanish-language movies, read a book by a Latinx author and listen to some Spanish and Latinx podcasts.

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The game-like lessons and fun characters in the Duolingo app will help build a strong foundation in Spanish. The app will help you track your progress and set goals so that you can see just how much you’re learning even over a short period of time. There’s also Duolingo Kids for younger learners, which is also available for iOS and Android.

Cost: Free


There’s a reason why Babbel is one of the most popular adult language-learning apps. It’s easy to use and surprisingly speedy at helping you embark on your Spanish-language journey. With Babbel, you learn with repetition and real-world conversational practice.

Cost: $67/month


If you only have a few minutes to spare each day, Pimsleur is the way to go. Busy learners only need to log on for 30 minutes at a time to reap the benefits of this Spanish-language program.

Cost: $15/month


Learn Spanish by watching television? Don’t mind if we do! With LingoPie, you can choose from a wide variety of Spanish programming, including comedies, telenovelas, sitcoms and more. Watch then follow up with comprehensive reviews and flashcards so you can absorb what you just watched.

Cost: $12/month


From mastering the basics to achieving fluency, Busuu offers a comprehensive list of lessons to choose from on the app. You can go at your own pace or take one of the app’s accelerated courses.

Cost: $10/moth


The more you use Memrise, the more it’ll adapt to your way of learning by suggesting the most effective practice activities for you. Each course is taught by native speakers, so you know you’re learning the Spanish that people actually use IRL.

Cost: $5/month


FluentU is great for adults who know the basics of Spanish but want to take it to the next level and really achieve fluency.

Cost: $30/month


Brain Pop: Película del Día

Watch a different Spanish-language movie every day and complete fun games and activities to test your comprehension. The stories tie in to current events, historical milestones, famous figures and more, for those who don’t respond as well to traditional learning drills.

Cost: $6/month


FabuLingua takes children on a story-time adventure in Spanish and English. The interactive pages help kids follow along with games, songs and more. As your child learns, you can change the settings to keep the lessons engaging.

Cost: $4/month


RELATED: 30 Best Spanish Books for Kids of Any Age

Inspired by the Montessori Method, Spanish School Bus combines music from Latin Grammy winners with lessons on words, counting, verbs and more. Don’t forget to check out the interactive flash cards, which will help reinforce the fun lessons.

Price: Free


With the help of the adorable Endless monster crew (the same group from Endless Reader and Endless Numbers), kids will learn Spanish through a series of exciting games and interactive puzzles. Two modes are available: Spanish immersion for native Spanish speakers and English/Spanish for Spanish with English translations.

Cost: Free


Sing, dance and play along with Canticos, an Emmy-winning brand that aims to teach children a second language through games, read-alongs and more. Kids will love choosing their own path that will gradually introduce them to Spanish words and phrases.

Cost: $7/month


Studycat: Fun Spanish for Kids

It will be hard to resist logging on to play with the app’s main character, Studycat, because he’s just so adorable. Follow along with him to learn over 200 words and phrases with 70 lessons on a variety of topics.

Cost: $15/month


Spanish for Kids with Stories on the Go by Gus

Gus on the Go teaches basic fluency by introducing kids to familiar stories in Spanish. Build fluency through interactive games and animated story pages.

Cost: Free for Apple users, $4 for Android users


Spanish Safari uses interactive narratives designed for kids ages 3 to 9 years of age. Follow the friendly jungle characters as they use gradual immersion and repetition to help kids learn Spanish in a way that will stick.

Cost: $10/month


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Govt launches Indian Sign Language mobile app ‘Sign Learn’ with 1,000 words

The Centre on Friday launched an Indian Sign Language (ISL) dictionary mobile application called ‘Sign Learn’ containing 10,000 words.

The app was launched by Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Pratima Bhoumik.

Sign Learn is based on the Indian sign language dictionary of the Indian Sign Language Research And Training Centre (ISLRTC) which contains 10,000 words.

The app is available in Android as well as iOS versions, and all the words in the ISL dictionary can be searched through Hindi or English medium, officials said.

The sign videos of the app can also be shared on social media.

“The app has been developed to make the ISL dictionary easily available and to make it more accessible for the public at large,” a senior official said.

Notably, ISLRTC had recently signed an MoU with the Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) on October 6, 2020 for converting NCERT textbooks from classes 1 to 12 into the Indian Sign Language (digital format) to make the textbooks accessible to children with hearing disabilities.

This year, ISL e-content of NCERT textbooks of class 6 was launched, the official added.

Under Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Centre had launched ISL versions of selected books of Book Trust’s ‘Veergatha’ series.

With the joint effort of ISLRTC and NCERT, 500 academic words in Indian Sign Language were launched. These academic words are used at the secondary level which are often used in history, science, political science and mathematics, the official added.

(Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

Apple invites families to create and learn together during Apple Camp

Challenge: Learn Switch Control through gaming – Discover

Learn more about a critical assistive technology this WWDC and solve a matching game using only Switch Control!

We’re inviting you to expand your skillset and familarize yourself with Switch Control, an assistive technology used by mobility-impaired individuals to help navigate and operate iOS. We’ll show you how to set up a screen switch, use automatic scanning, and control the Switch Control menu system. From there, dive deeper and learn how you can customize and enhance the experience for people using Switch Control through a specific accessibility API.

You can share your progress with others on this challenge in the Digital Lounges Study Hall, or explore a solo challenge.

Begin the challenge

To start this challenge, you’ll need to first download and run the sample code project and set up Switch Control.

Note: This project requires an iPhone or iPad running iOS 16 or iPadOS 16. You won’t be able to to run it in Simulator.

WWDC22 Challenge: Learn Switch Control through gaming

Configure and enable Switch Control

Switch Control is an accessibility feature that helps you interact with your device using a variety of software and hardware switches. These can be located on the screen, and can use the camera, sounds, or connected accessories.

First, configure the switch you’ll need for the challenge:

  1. Open the Settings app.
  2. Choose Accessibility > Switch Control > Switches.
  3. Select Add New Switch.
  4. Add a switch by navigating to Switches > Screen Switch > Full Screen. Choose Select Item.

Choose your scanning time in Auto Scanning Time. The default is one second, which means the Switch Control focus will wait one second on each element before moving on to the next. You can adjust this time as you like.

Alternatively, you can choose Bluetooth Devices, select a device to use as a switch, and select an action for that switch.

After you’ve finished setting up your switch, you’re ready to enable Switch Control on your device. If you don’t typically use Switch Control, you can set up an Accessibility Shortcut to quickly enable or disable it for the purposes of this challenge. Here’s how:

  1. Open the Settings app.
  2. Choose Accessibility > Accessibility Shortcut.
  3. Select Switch Control. Make sure this is the only enabled item in the list.

You can now triple-click the Side button or Home button on your device to trigger the Accessibility Shortcut and toggle Switch Control on or off.

Set up the challenge

Now that you’ve got Switch Control enabled, it’s time to explore the project.

  1. Go to Settings > Accessibility > Accessibility Shortcut and select Switch Control.
  2. Download the Xcode project and run it on your iPad or iPhone.

Once the app is running, you can match two boxes with the same symbol by tapping one on the screen while Switch Control is focused on a box. Then choose Tap in the Switch Control menu. Then, select the other matching item. Repeat until all icons have been exposed to solve the challenge!

Figured out the puzzle? Post your accomplishment on Twitter with the hashtag #WWDC22Challenges. And if you’d like to discuss Switch Control and other accessibility topics, join the team at events all throughout the week at WWDC22.

Accessibility & Inclusion

Explore #WWDC22Challenges on social media

Read the WWDC22 Challenges Terms and Conditions

Top five mobile applications to learn a new language

Do you want to learn a new language? There’s a mobile app for that. Whether you’re planning a fun trip overseas or want to do something interesting with your spare time, a language app will help you expand your vocabulary. Also, you can learn appropriate grammar and become fluent through simple lessons — all from the ease of your phone or pc.

The most excellent language-learning applications are also cost-effective, especially compared to traditional schooling or private language instruction. Many of them have voice recognition, which is essential for sound pronunciation. Others have several language selections, which is good for learning multiple languages.

Many language learning apps can help you learn a new language. Review these options to find the best one for you.


For a good reason, Duolingo is the most famous language-learning program today. The program provides free game-like courses to help you learn over 35 other languages. The app employs science-based teaching methods to assist you in learning a language. Lessons are tailored to your education and work on a wide range of language abilities.

Lessons are progressive, which means that each builds on the previous one. You can’t progress until you’ve completed each step by answering all the right questions. If you go away from the app for an extended time, it will need you to repeat the required courses to ensure your abilities haven’t become rusty.

Duolingo has more than 1.2 million reviews on the app store, which speaks for itself.


  • It’s free to learn a language.
  • Features that will help you stay motivated
  • Lessons can finalize in a matter of minutes.


  • Less content for languages that aren’t as widely spoken.
  • You must learn subjects in a specific order.
  • There are few opportunities for real-world practice


Pimsleur is a popular language-learning platform built to help you study by listening, unlike the other language learning applications that offer on-screen interactive games. Because Pimsleur employs an audio format, it’s simple to learn during the day. Listening to native speakers also aids in the rapid acquisition of vocabulary and listening comprehension.

The premium plan from Pimsleur is a little more costly than its competitors. You’ll spend $19.95 per month to study English after a seven-day free trial. Pimsleur promises that you can learn another language in as little as 30 days.


  • It’s simple to pick up on the fly.
  • Gain knowledge from native speakers
  • A total of 50 languages are available to pick from.        


  • Subscriptions are costly
  • Visual learning is limited
  • Doesn’t aid reading or writing abilities

For beginners, this is a good option. It’s an excellent app for learning new words. You’ll be forced to repeat the terms you’ve already learned until you’ve mastered them completely. Because it is simple to use, this software will be the perfect alternative for folks who are not tech-savvy.

Select a language, then a stage, open an account, and log in. Over 42 million individuals use Memrise in 189 countries to study languages. There are over 20 languages to select from. There are also offline courses available.

4.9 stars in the App Store, 4.6 stars on Google Play. Some classes are free, but you must subscribe to Memrise Premium ($8.99 per month) to access the entire program.


  • Courses that are not online
  • A method of interval repetition


  • only teaches words, not their meanings
  1. BUSUU

Buss assists you in learning at your present level of language acquisition and matching you with a native speaker mentor. It offers a modern, user-friendly UI. And over 1,000 lessons prepared by professional language experts are accessible on Busuu. It serves as a reminder. It will bring up the words which you have more trouble remembering. It also has a feature that helps to track your achievement.

Busuu’s language selection is limited, with only 12 languages available at all levels. McGraw-Hill Education credentials are available to Busuu Premium members.

4.9 stars in the App Store, 4.4 stars on Google Play. The app is free, but Premier and Premium Plus subscriptions are available for $6 and $7 a month.


  • Encompasses all levels of expertise
  • Assistance from natives


  • The majority of the functions are for a fee.
  • limited language option.

This software is for you if you can properly recreate all grammatical aspects but can’t speak properly in a live dialogue. HelloTalk is a social networking app for mobile devices. With over 18 million users, it has a worldwide culture and language exchange community.

Live conversation, news, and photo exchange will assist you in putting your newly acquired skills into practice. Freephone calls and direct voice messages are available. This software supports more than 150 languages.

4.7 stars in the App Store, 4.4 stars on Google Play. Editors’ Choice is the title given to it on Google Play. A monthly subscription to HelloTalk is available for $2.99 a month.


  • Establishing international friends
  • Less expensive than others
  • An option for integrated translation.


  • The translation feature isn’t always reliable.

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9 free online courses for you to learn how to program and design applications

Android courses are available to learn how to design apps.  (Photo: MU Community)
Android courses are available to learn how to design apps. (Photo: MU Community)

A new year has begun In addition, a series of online courses offered by universities around the world are being updated. Others we already know have been added to the 2022 catalog, so if you missed some of them last year, you’ll get a new chance this January.

You will find courses of 2 to 10 weeks in various disciplines Learn programming and application design. Now that the year has begun, it is time to find some new solutions, one of which is to take a course related to it. Android.

If this is your case, Infobae has collected several different levels that share two key points: They are free and in Spanish.

Free Android Online Courses

We already know that January is a month of personal pursuits, one of which is to study for a master’s degree, a short course, a career, language, music, and more.

Regardless of your level, if you decide to take an Android programming course, here are 9 recommendations that are free and taught in Spanish, as we mentioned at the beginning:

1. Android: Introduction to Programming from Polytechnic University, Valencia edX: In addition to knowing the basic concepts of Android application development, You can design an app for store photos, geolocation, and reviews Or other data.

2. Android Development: Essential Architecture, LinkedIn Learning: This course shows its importance Android Application Architecture, Its basic concepts and best practices when accessing the view model, retrofit and room.

3. Programming using Java for Android applications, from the National Autonomous University of Mexico Our ser: Not just for you to learn the basics Programming using Java, And also learn how to install it Get ready for Android Studio.

4. Introduction to Programming Using AppInventor, For Ergo sum program: In this introductory online course, You will learn how to use the AppInventor tool, Created by the software development environment Google To develop Android applications.

5. Development of mobile applications, Complutions University, Madrid Activate Google: With this Google course You will learn the basic skills and ideas for creating applications for mobile devices, Not just for Android But for IOS.

6. Create apps using Android Studio Udemi: In addition to installing and configuring a complete development environment using Android Studio, you can also learn about plug-ins and shortcuts, and Try the apps in the browser Simulators with different characteristics.

7. Basic course for Android, for Devcode: With this basic course You can create your first app for Android, Learn about layout, text view, edit text, image view, button types, Java intro, countdown timer and comparison method.

8. Basics of Android, from the National Autonomous University of Mexico Course: In this course, you will learn how to install the Android Studio Development Environment through hand-on exercises, You will learn to use the tools provided by Android to develop mobile applications.

9. Become an Android Developer LinkedIn Learning: Will learn Create mobile apps for Android phones and tablets The most widely used programming languages ​​are used.

Android logo.  (Photo: Dado Ruvik)
Android logo. (Photo: Dado Ruvik)

Recommendations for customizing your Android device for free

At this point, we give you a guide Options to fully customize your Android mobile Without activating the root or making any other in-depth changes Tool.

1. Wallpaper

This is one of the first steps you can take to customize your Android Change the wallpaper to the one you like. To do this, follow these steps:

Sign in Setting From Android. Inside, click on the section Screen. Tap Styles and wallpapers.

If your manufacturer does not have an option with that name, Look for the option that refers to the word wallpaper Or search tool in Android settings to find it.

When you choose an image that you want to set as your wallpaper, you can do two different things:

– Set it as Wallpaper on startup, Which is the Android desktop.

– Use image for this Home, lock screen.

Wallpaper on Android.  (Photo: Xataka)
Wallpaper on Android. (Photo: Xataka)

2. Add widgets to the screen

Android widgets are small windows that can be placed on your desktop in addition to the usual icons.

Should Hold down the mobile screen Click on the option Widgets When a menu or edit window appears, it may vary by manufacturer and customization class.

Widgets on Android.  (Photo: WW What's New)
Widgets on Android. (Photo: WW What’s New)

This will take you to a screen where you can see the different widgets available in each application that are different and dependent on them. Therefore, in the opinion of the developers, You will see some styles or not at all and will always show you the grids that contain each one.

Now, grab it and select the one you want to place.

Moving them is similar in applications and in some cases, You can also resize them to fit the design you want to achieve.

Widgets Personalization Android.  (Photo: Andro4all)
Widgets Personalization Android. (Photo: Andro4all)

To complete customizing your Android device, Enter this link To read the other 4 essential tips.

Continue reading:

Best resources to learn Java – free and paid

Online Java courses

Want to make Android apps? Become a professional developer? Finding the best resources to learn Java online is one of the smartest ways to start.

Java is one of the most useful programming languages for any new developer to learn. Not only is it highly in-demand among employers and larger organizations, but it’s also one of just two official programming languages used for Android development.

Unfortunately, Java is also one of the harder programming languages to pick up. Especially if it’s your first one! Java does a few things that makes it one of the tricker langauges; encouraging an unintuitive object-oriented structure, featuring many rigid syntax requirements, and generally being home to numerous quirks.

Also read: The best free and paid Android app development courses

Don’t let that put you off! Learning Java is a masterclass in programming in itself, and many of those issues end up being useful organizational “features” down the line. The best resources to learn Java are designed to walk even the most green-horned learner through these challenges, and to help turn this mammoth task into a fun, easy project.

With that in mind, you’ll find the best resources to learn Java listed below!

The best resources to learn Java online for free

Android Authority

Android Authority is much more than a website about phones! This site covers every aspect of technology, which includes coding tutorials! Here, you’ll find a wide range of excellent Java tutorials to get you started, as well as specific lessons. Stay tuned too, because lots more is on the way. So you’re already on one of the best resources to learn Java… who knew!

Start here:


The clue is very much in the name! LearnJavaOnline.org is the selection of tutorials put together by Oracle: the company that owns Java. That means you can rest assured it will be accurate and up-to-date.

The sequences of courses is also rather comprehensive and well structured. These tutorials cover all of the basics and offer an excellent foundation. That said, the lessons are rather dry and text-heavy, so you may find this a somewhat dense introduction to the language. As the official option, this is definitely one of the best resources to learn Java online for free.

Best resources to learn Java


Never underestimate what you can learn from YouTube. The juggernaut video-upload site has endless tutorials focussing on Java, ranging from general overviews to highly specific tips and tricks. For those looking for a quick introduction, “Learn Java in 14 Minutes” from Alex Lee is an excellent option that touches on the basics.

For something a little more intensive “Java in 9 hours” from freeCodeCamp.org is ever-so-slightly more comprehensive. There’s something for everyone, though of course, the quality varies from one creator to the next!


TutorialsPoint is a site that’s filled with comprehensive tutorials, including an in-depth guide to Java. The course is a little bare-bones in terms of presentation, but once again walks you through all of the basics that you might need to know.


Codecademy has a paid “Pro” membership option, but offers a lot of hands-on tutorials completely free. That includes a four hour Java tutorial that should help you learn the basics.

The best-paid resources to learn Java

Introduction to Android app development

Introduction to Android app development from DGiT Academy is a course led by our very own Gary Sims. As you might have guessed, this course is geared primarily toward Android development. If that’s what you’re learning Java for, then this is a big advantage!

Java resources

But what makes this a great option for anyone, is that the bundle actually includes an in-depth introduction to Java as well. You’ll get two in-depth courses for the price of one, delivered in a way that’s easy and fun to follow along with. Whether you’re learning for fun, or to advance your career, this is definitely one of the best resources to learn Java online.

The Complete Java Bundle

The Complete Java Bundle is a comprehensive, 58-hour, 360-lesson Java course aimed at beginners. This course covers everything from the most basic fundamentals, all the way up to expert tips and techniques. While some of the individual classes are getting a little long-in-the-tooth, the concepts you’ll learn here are timeless and it’s still a fantastic starting point for new learners.

The course represents a truly “complete” education in Java and costs just $39 for Android Authority readers. That’s a saving of 96% on the usual $989 price tag, so don’t miss this opportunity!

The 2020 Java Bootcamp Bundle

The 2020 Java Bootcamp Bundle is a modern and up-to-date selection of Java courses, covering all the major topics you need to know. You’ll learn basic structure and syntax, Java objects, flow control, arrays, and more. By the end, you’ll have a firm grasp on the language and feel confident to begin working on your projects.

Once again, Android Authority readers can get a huge 96% discount if they act now, netting the entire bundle for just $35.99.

All-Level Java Programming Bundle

For just $19 (for Android Authority readers), this all-level Java programming bundle represents not only one of the best resources to learn Java, but also one of the most affordable. The bundle is designed to appeal to both beginners and advanced-level programmers and can, therefore, provide a complete education, all in one place.


Skillshare is a fantastic resource for learning anything. This is a platform where teachers can upload their lessons for users to watch. Those teachers create the videos themselves for the community, meaning that there is a mixed bag of quality. But what’s also true, is that there is some very good stuff here. And as you’ll only pay a fixed yearly fee for membership, it’s actually very good value!

Many of these classes even contain extra materials and community discussion to help you take your learning further.


While the web is packed with many of the best resources for learning Java, you shouldn’t forget about the old-fashioned option: books!

Learn Java

Learning Java from books is a brilliant strategy, as it gives you a reference you can refer to while coding and lets your eyes take a break from staring at screens! I learned the basics of Java from the now-outdated Beginning Programming With Java for Dummies but there are many modern equivalents to sink your teeth into. Depending on your preferred learning style, you might just find that a book is the best resource to learn Java for you!

My advice is not to attempt to read an entire book on Java and then expect to “know” Java. Instead, read the first few chapters to try and understand the basics, then start building something simple. You’ll find you need to refer back to the book as you forget syntax and statements, or as you try and do things you haven’t learned yet. This is the best way to learn, as it structures the process and gives you an end goal to strive toward.

You can learn more top tips for learning to code here.

Python vs Java: Which language should you learn and what are the differences?

Python vs Java

Both Python and Java frequently top lists of the most in-demand programming languages among employers. These are powerful, flexible, and object-oriented languages that are commonly used across organizations and in a wide variety of other settings.

This may lead you to ask the inevitable question: which is better? Or at least, which one should you learn?

Also read: I want to develop Android apps: what languages should I learn?

This is a complicated question, seeing as the two languages are actually quite different (it’s never that simple!). So read on, and we’ll unravel the question of Python vs Java to see which is best for you.

Python vs Java: structure and design

First, let’s take a look at how Python and Java are written and how this affects the experience of programming.


Python and Java are both considered to be “object-oriented” programming languages. This means they allow developers to create data objects through classes. While this is a complex concept for a beginner to get their head around, it effectively allows for very efficient and well-designed code. Classes are modular by nature and allow for very scalable programs that can do a lot with less code.

Java and Python are object oriented

But if you’re still scratching your head asking how data can be an “object,” then you have run into the first problem with object-oriented programming: it’s confusing for beginners!

That’s why many people love the fact that Python also “supports multiple paradigms.” This means that you can create functional/imperative code that is read from top to bottom, making it much easier to get to grips with. It also makes Python very quick for developers that just want to make a quick app in a couple of lines to perform a useful job.

(Of course, it’s technically possible to write functional/imperative code in Java, but Python lends itself better to this type of code.)

Readability and White Space

This lack of forced-paradigm makes Python more beginner-friendly and flexible, but so too do many of the syntax decisions.

For example, Python encourages the use of lots of whitespace, doesn’t require semi-colons at the end of every statement. As a rule, Python also requires less boilerplate code as compared with Java (meaning that you can do more with fewer lines).

Python vs Java syntax

The semi-colon thing is big. In Java, you can write a beautiful program that is millions of lines long and have it not run because you forgot to include a semi-colon! No matter how experienced you are, this will always happen.

That said, while it might seem like a nuisance, restrictions like this do force you to write well-organized code and can avoid confusion down-the-line.

What’s more, is that other programming languages are similarly strict in terms of their grammar and structure. That means that Java will generally be better at preparing developers to work with other languages, such as the very-similar C#.

Also read: An introduction to C# for Android for beginners

Other differences are largely cosmetic: Python prefers snake_case for functions and variables (because snakes), whereas Java uses camelCase.

On the whole, a page of Python is much less daunting and reads a bit more like English. Java can be denser to wrap your head around, especially if you’re new to programming. But there is (usually) a method to the madness. (Sometimes literally.)

Static vs Dynamic

A key factor in the competition between Python vs Java, is that java is statically typed and Python is dynamically typed.

This means that when you declare a variable in Java – which is a word that represents a piece of data – you need to describe what kind of variable that is. It might be a “string” (a word or sentence), an integer (a whole number), or a float (a number with decimal places).

Python Code dynamically type

In Python, you don’t need to decide what type of variable you are using right away.

Likewise, function arguments can pass in any object. All this “Duck typing” makes Python very convenient and easy to use. However, this can occasionally make code a little more obtuse to the casual observer and may lead to errors, unless it has been properly commented.

Also read: How to comment in Python: Tips and best practices

Compiled vs Interpreted

Python is an “interpreted language.” That means you’ll install an interpreter on your machine that will read and understand Python code. It also means that for anyone else to use your code, they will likewise need an interpreter installed. You can’t easily build an executable file and then send it to your friends/buyers.

This is both a strength and a weakness of Python. It means that in order to build anything for commercial use, you will need to rely on external tools and fiddly processes.

However, it also means that Python is ideal for putting something together quickly for your own personal use. You can add Python to PATH or run Python apps straight from CMD/terminal without having to go through a lengthy compilation stage.

Java meanwhile is technically both interpreted and compiled. Java will be compiled first, but the target machine will need the JVM in order to run the code.

As such, Java code is typically more portable, but you may still need to go through a few steps to get it in a usable fashion. As is the case when building Android apps!

Also read: A guide to Android app development for complete beginners in 5 easy steps

What this does also mean though, is that Java code has the potential to run much faster, making it a better choice for more intensive operations.

Which is easier for beginners?

If the above didn’t make it clear, Python is generally much easier for beginners. Python is logical even for someone who doesn’t know what a “Class” is, and it has a clean and simple layout that gives you plenty of room to breathe.

Python is commonly used as a first programming language for teaching programming concepts, so it’s handy that it is also flexible enough to be useful outside of the classroom! In many ways, Python is the new BASIC. In terms of simplicity, Python vs Java is a no-brainer.

Learn Python 1

That said, the restrictions and complexities of Java aren’t just for fun. They can be useful for getting into good habits early on, and they may prepare a developer for the rest of their career.

At the end of the day, if you’re interest is in learning for learning’s sake, Python is the better place to start. But it’s going to depend on your end goal.

What are they used for?

Speaking of which, what might your end goal be when learning either of these languages?

As mentioned, Python’s “interpreted” nature means that it can’t easily be used to write commercial programs that you share and sell. It is slower than compiled languages, and it isn’t easily exported.

This means that Python generally isn’t used for mobile app development, game development, building desktop software, etc.

However, what Python is great for, is writing quick code that performs useful functions. This makes it a popular in-house tool among many security firms, data analytics companies, and the like.

Java is better than Python for building apps

The other common use for Python, is building web apps. Here, the Python code actually runs “server-side.” That means that it runs on the server that houses the files that comprise a website. Because Python is installed on the server, the user doesn’t need to worry about whether or not they have Python installed on their machine: they just see the output.

Therefore, Python powers many of the biggest brands on the web. These include: Instagram, Google, Spotify, Netflix, Dropbox, and many others.

Java meanwhile is used to develop a number of desktop and mobile applications. Java used to be the primary language used for Android development, until Google announced that Kotlin would be its top choice going forward. However, Java is still officially supported, and is still used by a large number of organizations.

Java is popular among big organizations in general, seeing as it is supported by a wide number of frameworks and libraries, is very fast, is very secure, and works across platforms. Java also has the advantage of having been around for a very long time – and big companies don’t like change!

Also read: Kotlin tutorial for Android for beginners: Build a simple quiz

Java is less commonly used for games. Other combinations such as C# with Unity, or C++ with Unreal Engine are more powerful and flexible in this scenario.

Python vs Java: Which is right for you?

Coding in Python and Java

So with that said, should you choose Python or Java to start coding?

If you’re looking to become a software developer working for a big company, if you want to make Android apps, or if you’re interested in learning more programming languages such as C#, then Java is a great choice. Be prepared for a steep learning curve though!

If you just want to learn about programming with a beginner-friendly language, then Python is ideal. Python is also a great choice if you’re interested in building web apps, working with tech start-ups, or have an interest in data science.

Want to give Python a try? Then why not check out our list of the best online Python courses. These will provide a complete education, and Android Authority readers will also get huge discounts!

Students across Europe learn Swift to unlock new opportunities

That coding mentality has proliferated every area of the school, and students apply coding principles to all subjects, most often through Swift Playgrounds.

“We realized we’d already been using the skills of coding everywhere in the curriculum,” says Nutt, 28. “When we write, we go back and edit and improve it — we were debugging. We sequence stories, we sequence events and things that we do in our everyday lives. So it’s just making everyone at the school realize that coding really is all around you.”

In Scott’s classroom, her 5- and 6-year-old students practice coding skills in tasks both ordinary and extraordinary. She posed a problem to them: how do you get an escaped dinosaur back into the zoo? Her students decided they would make jam sandwiches and leave them out for the creature.

Scott brought in bread, butter and jam and asked her students to give her step-by-step instructions on how to construct the sandwich. The exercise introduced them to the individual commands required to execute a coding sequence.

“We then left the jam sandwich outside the classroom overnight,” says Scott. “And obviously the dinosaur came back and ate it — the next day there was just a crust.”

What is ethical hacking? Learn how to hack and earn money

Keyboard Typing Working Coding

When you think of hackers, you tend to think of people in hoodies trying to steel sensitive data from big companies — ethical hacking sounds like an oxymoron.

The truth is many people who get into hacking do so for perfectly honest reasons. There are plenty of good reasons to learn hacking. These can be categorized into neutral “grey hat” reasons, and productive “white hat” reasons.

What is grey hat hacking?

Firstly, there is the love of tinkering: seeing how things work, and empowering oneself. The same impulse that drives a kid to take a watch apart and to reverse engineer it might motivate you to see if you can equally effectively bypass the security of X program or Y.

It’s reassuring to know you can defend yourself online

Hopefully you’ll never need to hack into an email account, but knowing you could if needed (your sister has been kidnapped!) is appealing nonetheless. It’s a little like martial arts. Most of us hope never to need to fight for real, but it’s reassuring to know you can defend yourself.

Ethical Hacking

Hacking really can be a useful means of self-defense. By reading an introduction to ethical hacking, you can learn about the threats to your privacy and security out there on the web. In doing so, you can protect yourself against potential attacks before they occur and make smarter decisions. With the dawn of the Internet of Things, more and more of our lives are going to be “online.” Learning the basics of data security may soon become a matter of self-preservation.

Introducing the ethical hacker

Ethical hacking is also highly monetizable. If you want to bypass security systems for a living, there are many highly profitable career paths to that end. You can work as an information security analyst, a pentester, a general IT professional, or you can sell your skills online through courses and e-books. While many jobs are being eroded by automation and digitization, the demand for security specialists will only increase.

Ethical hacking is highly monetizable

Someone who works in any of these fields is usually what we mean by the term “ethical hacker.” Let’s explore further.

How does hacking happen?

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At a fundamental level, ethical hackers test the security of systems. Any time you utilize a system in a manner not intended, you’re doing a “hack.” Normally, this means assessing the “inputs” of a system.

Inputs can be anything from the forms on a website, to open ports on a network. These are necessary to interact with certain services, but they represent targets for hackers.

Sometimes that might mean thinking outside of the box. Leave a USB stick lying around and often someone who finds it will plug it in. This can grant the owner of that USB stick huge control over the affected system. There are plenty of inputs you might not usually consider as a threat, but a savvy hacker can find a way to exploit them.

More inputs means a larger “attack surface,” or more opportunity for attackers. This is one reason why constantly adding new features (known as feature bloat) isn’t always such a good idea for developers. A security analyst often tries and reduce that attack surface by removing any unnecessary inputs.

How hackers hack: Top strategies

To be an effective ethical hacker, you need to know what you’re up against. As an ethical hacker or “pentester,” it will be your job to attempt these kinds of attacks against clients so that you can then provide the opportunity for them to close the weaknesses.

it will be your job to attempt these kinds of attacks against clients

These are just some of the ways a hacker might try to break into a network:

Phishing attack

A phishing attack is a form of “social engineering,” where a hacker targets the user (the “wetware”) rather than the network directly. They do this by attempting to get the user to hand over their details willingly, maybe by posing as an IT repair person, or sending an email that appears to be from a brand they deal with and trust (this is called spoofing). They may even create a fake website with forms that collect details.

Regardless, the attacker then simply needs to use those details to sign into an account and they’ll have access to the network.

Spear phishing is phishing that targets a specific individual within an organization. Whaling means attacking the biggest kahunas — high-ranking executives and managers. Phishing often doesn’t require any computer skills in most cases. Sometimes all a hacker needs is an email address.

SQL injection

This one is probably a little closer to what you imagine when picturing hackers. Structured Query Language (SQL) is a fancy way to describe a series of commands you can use to manipulate data stored in a database. When you submit a form on a website to create a new user password, this will normally then create an entry in a table including that data.

Sometimes the form will also unintentionally accept commands, which can let a hacker retrieve or manipulate entries illicitly.

It would take a huge amount of time for a hacker or a pentester to look for these opportunities manually on a large website or web app, which is where tools like Hajiv come in. This will automatically look for vulnerabilities to exploit, which is extremely useful for security specialists, but also for those with ill-intent.

Typing Writing Coding Keyboard

Zero-day exploit

A zero-day exploit works by looking for weaknesses in a software’s coding or security protocols before the developer has the opportunity to patch them out. This might involve targeting a company’s own software, or it might involve targeting software that it uses. In one famous attack, hackers managed to access the security cameras at a company’s office with zero day exploits. From there, they were able to record anything that interested them.

A hacker might create malware designed to exploit this security flaw, which they would then covertly install on the target’s machine. This is a type of hacking that benefits from knowing how to code.

Brute force attack

A brute force attack is a method of cracking a password and username combination. This works by going through every possible combination one at a time until it hits the winning pair – just as a burglar might go through combinations on a safe. This method usually involves the use of software that can handle the process on their behalf.

DOS Attack

A denial of service (DOS) attack is mean to take a particular server down for a period of time, meaning it is no longer able to provide its usual services. Hence the name!

Pentesting White Hat Hacker

DOS attacks are carried out by pinging or otherwise sending traffic to a server so many times it becomes overwhelmed with traffic. This might require hundreds of thousands of requests or even millions.

The biggest DOS attacks are “distributed” across multiple computers (known collectively as a botnet), which have been taken over by hackers using malware. This make them DDOS attacks.

Your job as an ethical hacker

Android development tools

This is just a small selection of the different methods and strategies that hackers often employ in order to access networks. Part of the appeal of ethical hacking for many is thinking creatively and looking for potential weaknesses in security others would miss.

As an ethical hacker, your job will be to scan, identify, and then attack vulnerabilities to test a company’s security. Once you find such holes, you will then provide a report which should include remedial action.

For example, if you were to conduct a successful phishing attack, you might recommend training for staff they would be better able to identify fraudulent messages. If you got a zero day malware onto computers on the network, you might advise the company to install better firewalls and anti-virus software. You might suggest the company updates its software, or stop using certain tools altogether. If you find vulnerabilities in the company’s own software, then you could point these out to the dev team.

How to get started as an ethical hacker

If that sounds interesting to you, there are plenty of courses online that teach ethical hacking. Here is one called The Ethical Hacker Bootcamp Bundle.

You should also check out our post on becoming an information security analyst which will show you the best certifications, the best places to find work, and more.

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